23 Nisan 2011 Cumartesi

The Function of Volition in Providing Consciousness

-Love stays vigil through thinking-

Volition is a form of feeling. Consciousness is a higher function which determines the form of cognition.

There are various types of consciousness[2]:
- Reflected
- Pre-reflected
- Others

In the reflective or observing consciousness one is aware of his/her self. One uses the subject ‘I’ in his/her inner talk. One observes what he/she id doing and is aware of it being done by one’s self[4].

In the pre-reflective, non-observing consciousness one is not aware of what he/she is doing. For example one is not aware of how he has driven from home to job. Tasks are done without the observational awareness.

Intention is a form of volition. Intention depends on the condition based on time, place, event or other. Intention mechanism can be vitally important to exit or in being unable to exit pre-reflective consciousness in the cases of emrgency or contemplation.

Intent and volition limit and direct cognition[3].

Feelings think.

[1] Saral, Ali R+, Gözlemci Bilincin Dikkat Hataları:
[2] Saral, Ali R+, Attention Mistakes of the Pre-Reflective Consciousness
[3] edited by Benjamin Libet, Anthony Freeman and Keith Sutherland.The volitional brain : towards a neuroscience of free will, Thorverton : Imprint Academic, 1999.
[4] Gallagher Shaun, Zaham Dan, The Phenomenological Mind,Routledge, 2009.

1 Nisan 2011 Cuma

Attention Mistakes of the Pre-reflective Consciousness

Pre-reflective consciousness is ‘Gözlemci Bilinç’ or exactly ‘ön-yansıtıcı bilinç’ in Turkish.
Reflective consciousness is ‘yansıtıcı bilinç’.

Reflective consciousness is the consciousness that we use when we talk, think etc. As in saying ‘I have the command’. We are aware of not only doing something but also that it is we(I) that is doing it.
The pre-reflective consciousness deals with only the perception of the task, the necessary response giving and doing the job. As if it is somebody else acting… The reason behind the term pre-reflective is
İn this type of consciousness although a sense of self is missing the task is actually done by that person.
The person feels its existance by performing that task but naming or identifying that being is not the condition. ‘Pre-reflective’ consciousness is a reflection of consciousness from the environment that interacts. This indirect reflection of consciousness from the environment is not ‘reflective’ as in the case of consciousness adrressing itself.

Please note the reference below which you can find from the Library of Congress.

Effortless attention : a new perspective in the cognitive science of attention and action / edited by Brian Bruya. Cambridge, Mass. : The MIT Press, c2010.

There are other types of consciousnesses or levels of consciousness. Non-conscious or automatic etc.
Sub-conscious processes are a type of non-conscious processes. I will ponder on the how and where to use of these in the future.

In an accident close to the Rhein-Karldap control region in the year 1992 the pilot had entered the height level wrong. There have been many developments and research in many areas since then. In the spot light of these my question is: What may be the reason for attention mistakes during the use of pre-reflective consciousness? What can be done to stop these?

An ATCO has to do many things in a difficult situation, so he uses divided attention. His concentration increases too. This leads to an increase in his thinking speed. The increase in his thinking speed pushes his mind from reflective consciousness to pre-reflective consciousness. The operational conversations moves towards the standard jargon also.

Now the question is, why do mistakes or mishaps, slips happen during the use of pre-reflective consciousness?

1-Overload. Some external reasons make cause attention mistakes.

2-Internal reasons. Affective or self related problems may cause the pre-reflective consciousness fail.
When you say or think ‘I’ or feel a feeling or the worst of it if you feel need for something the pre-reflective consciousness weakens.

3-Motivation. I will ponder on this later. Will and intention are keys in the control of the type of consciousness. A general malaise in volition may cause serious problems in the level of pre-consciousness. I have caused once an interrupt of service to the airplanes in the air during my service at Karlsruhe-Germany ATC area control center and severe lack of motivation was one of the reasons.

Some interesting references:

Unconscious Behavioral Guidance Systems, John A. Bargh,Department of Psychology, Yale University
Ezequiel Morsella, Department of Psychology, San Francisco State University; Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco - 2009

Oxford handbook of human action / edited by Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh,Peter M. Gollwitzer. - 2009

Towards a Computational Model of Perception and Action in Human Computer Interaction
Pascal Haazebroek and Bernhard Hommel, Cognitive Psychology Unit & Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition,Wassenaarseweg 52, Leiden, 2333 AK The Netherlands - 2009